Species of Freshwater Pufferfish

Updated: Jul 17


While it is true that most species of pufferfish are marine or brackish, some species are actually completely freshwater.




Below you will find a list of freshwater species.


Auriglobus


Auriglobus is a genus of freshwater pufferfishes native to Southeast Asia.


There are five recognised species in this genus.


  • Auriglobus amabilis (bronze puffer, green bottle pufferfish or golden puffer)

  • Auriglobus modestus (bronze puffer, green bottle pufferfish or golden puffer)

  • Auriglobus nefastus (bronze puffer, green bottle pufferfish or golden puffer)

  • Auriglobus remotus (bronze puffer, green bottle pufferfish or golden puffer)

  • Auriglobus silus (bronze puffer, green bottle pufferfish or golden puffer)

Carinotetraodon


Carinotetraodon is a genus of small freshwater pufferfish found in South and Southeast Asia.

There are six recognised species in this genus.

  • Carinotetraodon borneensis

  • Carinotetraodon imitator (commonly confused with C.travancoricus - dwarf Malabar pufferfish)

  • Carinotetraodon irrubesco (red-tail dwarf puffer)

  • Carinotetraodon lorteti (Crested puffer, red-eye puffer)

  • Carinotetraodon salivator

  • Carinotetraodon travancoricus (Dwarf Puffer, Pea Puffer, BB Puffer, Pygmy Puffer)

Colomesus


Colomesus is a genus of pufferfishes confined to tropical South America.


There are three recognised species in this genus, but only one is completely freshwater.

Leiodon


Leiodon is a monotypic genus (only one recognised species), containing only the cutcutia.


Pao

Pao is a genus of pufferfish found in Southeast Asia.


There are 15 recognised species in this genus, all but one (P.leiurus) is found in freshwater.


  • Pao abei

  • Pao baileyi (Hairy puffer)

  • Pao barbatus

  • Pao bergii

  • Pao brevirostris

  • Pao cambodgiensis

  • Pao cochinchinensis

  • Pao fangi

  • Pao hilgendorfii

  • Pao leiurus *Sometimes found in inner estuaries/brackish water (euryhaline)

  • Pao ocellaris

  • Pao palembangensis (Dragon puffer, Humpback Puffer)

  • Pao palustris

  • Pao suvattii (Mekong Puffer, Pignosed Puffer, Hognosed Puffer and Arrowhead Puffer)

  • Pao turgidus (Cambodian Mekong pufferfish, Target Puffer, Brown Puffer, Asian Spotted Puffer and Chameleon Puffer)

Tetraodon

Tetraodon is a genus of freshwater pufferfishes confined to the African continent.

There are six recognised species in this genus.

  • Tetraodon duboisi (Stanley puffer, Pool Malebo Puffer)

  • Tetraodon lineatus (Fahaka pufferfish, Nile pufferfish, lineatus puffer or globe fish)

  • Tetraodon mbu (Mbu Puffer, Giant Puffer)

  • Tetraodon miurus (Congo puffer, potato puffer)

  • Tetraodon pustulatus (Cross River puffer, Red-line puffer)

  • Tetraodon schoutedeni (Spotted Congo puffer, Leopard puffer, Schouteden's puffer)


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